Throughout history, women gained their citizenship from their male custodians like fathers and husbands. When a woman married, she acquired the nationality of her spouse. When marrying a foreigner, women were forced to give up their citizenship and take the citizenship of their husbands. However, after years and decades of struggle and fighting for freedom to choose their nationality, the dual citizenship law came into practice. Today over two-thirds of the countries around the world, adopt the rule and allow people to retain several citizenships, consecutively.
The History and Prime Purpose of Dual Citizenship
During the early years of the 20th century, the law of dual citizenship did not exist. During the time, women had to give up their citizenship of the countries their families were born in if they married a foreigner. American women were the first to tackle dual citizenship as part of women’s rights in the year 1920. The initiative took form after women had to register themselves as enemy allies if they married German immigrants, during the world war. As a result, women struggled a lot when it came to finding work and paying for a place. The first step was to gain women’s rights after the war, and then on the citizenship issue was tackled.
In America, the government was very welcoming of the change and implemented it very quickly. However, other countries did not take to bringing the transition as soon as America. Activists around the world continued to fight the second-class citizen law for several decades after the US implemented the law. It was brought up at the UN General Assembly in the year 1957 to encourage dual citizenship. Following the General Assembly, a treaty was made to allow women to be independent and not have to depend on their husbands or fathers to get their citizenship.
Several countries came forward to allow for dual citizenship following the treaty by the UN. Nearly 47 countries came forward with their support, and 24 abstained from any vote. While two countries vote against the deal, the agreement still went ahead. Nations began seeing the benefits right away economically, and children were secured with dual citizenship if they were born of two parents, from different nationalities. While all of this makes sense, there are still some countries that did not and do not want to have dual citizenship as an acceptable reform.
In some cases, the mother of children born in the countries that don’t allow dual citizenship suffers. Her children will not be able to take up her citizenship and instead get the nationally take up the citizenship of their fathers. Some countries have more immigrants than they have locals. Even in those countries, the dual citizenship legislation gets banned. Some nations also do not allow women to obtain citizenship if they married, making it almost impossible to think of a future in the country. In the end, they lose their citizenship or stay as dependants to their husbands, while the children get the citizenship of their fathers. The chances are that situations like these separate families when specific changes in laws come into effect.